भारतीय संविधान के महत्वपूर्ण अनुच्छेदों की सूची
भारत का संविधान भारत का सर्वोच्च कानून है। यह मौलिक राजनीतिक सिद्धांतों को परिभाषित करने के ढांचे को प्रस्तुत करता है, सरकारी संस्थानों की संरचना, प्रक्रियाओं, शक्तियों और कर्तव्यों को स्थापित करता है और नागरिकों के मौलिक अधिकारों और कर्तव्यों को निर्धारित करता है।भारत के संविधान में वर्तमान समय में 448 अनुच्छेद, 25 भाग और 12 अनुसूचियां हैं जबकि मूल संविधान में 395 अनुच्छेद, 22 भाग और 8 अनुसूचियां थी| भारत का संविधान 29 नवम्बर 1949 को बनकर तैयार हुआ था जिसको 26 जनवरी 1950 से पूरे देश में लागू किया गया था|
यह दुनिया के किसी भी संप्रभु देश का सबसे लंबा लिखित संविधान है।मसौदा समिति के अध्यक्ष बी आर अम्बेडकर को व्यापक रूप से मुख्य वास्तुकार माना जाता है।
List of important articles of Indian constitution
The Constitution of India is the supreme law of India. It lays down the framework of defining fundamental political principles, establishes the structure, processes, powers and duties of government institutions and determines the fundamental rights and duties of citizens. Article 448 of the present Constitution of India, There are 25 parts and 12 schedules whereas the original constitution had 395 articles, 22 parts and 8 schedules. The Constitution of India was prepared on 29 November 1949, which was implemented from 26 January 1950 across the country.
It is the longest written constitution of any sovereign country in the world. BR Ambedkar, chairman of the Mousoda Committee, is widely regarded as the chief architect.
S.No. Article Description
1 1 Union name and territory
2 3 Creation of new states and changes in areas, boundaries or names of existing states
3 13 Regarding statutes inconsistent with or in derogation of fundamental rights.
4 14 Equality before law (right to equality)
5 15 Religion for discrimination on religion, gender
6 16 Equality of opportunity for all in government jobs
7 17 End of Untouchability
8 18 End of titles
9 19 Protection of certain rights regarding “freedom of expression”
10 19a Citizens have the freedom to speak and express
11 19b has the right to freeze arms and freeze peacefully
12 19c has the right to form an association or union
13 19d The right to roam freely in any part of India
14 19e has right to reside or settle in any part of India
15 19f (omitted as a fundamental right governed by article 300A.) Is the right to own personal property
16 19g is the right to adopt any trade, business or profession
17 21 Protection of life and personal freedom
18 21A Right to education (6 to 14 year olds right to primary education)
19 23 Human trafficking and child ashram
20 24% employment of child in factories
21 25 Freedom of conscience, freedom of choice and propagation of religion
22 29 Protection of interests of minorities.
23 32 Remedies for enforcement of Fundamental Rights including “Writ”.
24 44 Uniform Civil Code for Citizens
25 50 Separation of judiciary from executive
26 51 Promoting international peace and security
27 51a Fundamental Duties
28 72 Presidential powers like: – Provision of pardon, suspension of punishment, reduction of punishment in some cases, etc.
29 76 Attorney General of India
30 78 Duties of Prime Minister for giving information to President etc.
31 85 Session of Parliament and dissolution
32 93 Speaker and Deputy Speaker of Lok Sabha.
Power and quorum for the functioning of the Houses notwithstanding the voting vacancies in the 100 100 resources.
34 105 Privileges and powers of both the Houses of Parliament, its members and committees are given.
35 106 Salaries and Allowances of Members of Parliament
36 108 joint sitting of both houses in certain cases.
37 109–110 Money Bill
38 112 Annual Financial Statement
39 123 Parliament Ordinance power of the President during the rest period.
40 127 Appointment of ad hoc judges
41 139 Power of certain powers to be conferred on the Supreme Court.
42 141 The law declared by the Supreme Court to be binding on all courts.
43 148-149 Comptroller of India – Auditor General
44 155 Appointment of Governor
45 161 Power of the Governor to grant pardon etc. and in some cases suspension, remission or commutation of sentence
46 165 Advocate General of the State
47 167 Duties of Chief Minister in relation to giving information to Governor, etc.
48 224 Appointment of Additional and Executive Judges.
49 224A Appointment of retired judges in High Court meetings
50 226 Power of High Court to remove certain writs.
51 280 Finance Commission
52 312 All India Services
53 324 Superintendence, direction and control of elections to be vested in the Election Commission
54 335 Claims of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes for Services and Posts
55 343 Official language of the Union.
56 352 Proclamation of Emergency
57 356 Provisions in case of failure of constitutional machinery in States
58 360 Provision regarding financial emergency
59 368 Power of Parliament to amend the Constitution and procedure therefor.
60 370 Temporary provision with respect to the State of Jammu and Kashmir
61 392 Power of President to remove difficulties.